Further reading

For more information or to provide feedback discussion or get involved visit the 3dQLD website:


or email the 3dQld steering committee on


Alternatively contribute to the discussion via the 3dqld Blog:


or the Queensland Surveying and Mapping blog/



References and recommended further reading:

Australia and New Zealand

SIBA-buildingSMART joint White Paper “Integration of Geospatial and Built Environment – National Data Policy” Intergration of Geospatial and the Digital Built Environment- White Paper July 2015

Leading research in Australia current being undertaken on the subject of 3d Cadastres by the Land and Property Information: Melbourne 3d Cadastre project:   http://csdila.unimelb.edu.au/projects/3dwebsite/ . There is also some suggested reading on their website.

Land Information New Zealand (LINZ)  has published a 10-20 year startegy for developing the cadastre which includes 3 dimensions and mobile devices and VGI http://www.linz.govt.nz/about-linz/news-publications-and-consultations/consultation-projects-and-reviews/a-10-20-year-strategy-for-developing-the-cadastre

The integration of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Building Information Modelling (BIM) may rely heavily on the concept of 3d Cadastre to deliver an authorative virtual world.  The Virtual Australia and New Zealand Initiative (VANZI) is working to facilitate an authorative virtual world in Australia and New Zealand : visit http://www.vanzi.com.au/

 Cadastre 2034: Powering Land and Real Property is a national strategy for Cadastral Reform and Innovation for Australia. It has been prepared by the Permanent Committee on Cadastre; a Subcommittee of ISCM.

The strategy captures the trends and articulates the vision of what we believe the community will require of our cadastral system by 2034. It identifies where current information falls short of today’s consumer expectations, and considers the user scenarios that could trigger changing needs in the future. Cadastre 2034 has been developed with input from a New Zealand perspective and Trans–Tasman collaboration remains an important feature of this strategy.

In 2009 and 2010 New Zealand and each Australian State and Territory completed two separate and comprehensive spreadsheets of questions related to the administration of their cadastral systems. The results of these surveys have been compiled into a single document titled “Australian and New Zealand Cadastral Systems – Questions and Answers“.


Victor Khoo from the Singapore Land Authority produced this paper titled ‘Towards “Smart Cadastre” that supports 3D parcels’,  to the 3rd International Workshop on 3D Cadastres: Development and Practices held on thr 25-26th of October 2012 in Shenzhen, China


Another recent presentation from Victor Khoo


There were also a number of other papers presented to the 3rd International Workshop on 3D Cadstres: Development and Practices held on the 25-26th of October 2012 in Shenzhen, China


A joint publication of  the FIG-Task Force on ‘Spatially Enabled Society’ in cooperation with the Global Spatial Infrastructure Association (GSDI) and with the support of Working Group 3 of the Permanent Committee on GIS Infrastructure for Asia and the Pacific (PCGIAP), Spatially Enabled Society, FIG Publication No.58, edited by Daniel Steudler and Abbas Rajabifard, Copenhagen, Denmark: International Federation of Surveyors (FIG), April 2012, accessible online at URL http://fig.net/pub/figpub/pub58/figpub58.pdf

Kaufmann, Jürg and Daniel Steudler, Cadastre 2014 – a vision for a future cadastral system, a report for FIG Commission 7 (Cadastre and Land Management) with a foreword by Ian Williamson (Chair), Copenhagen, Denmark: International Federation of Surveyors (FIG), July 1998, accessible online at URL http://www.fig.net/cadastre2014/translation/c2014-english.pdf

Kaufmann, Jürg; Cadastre 2014 – A Vision on Future Cadastral Systems, Slide presentation given at the 1st Congress on Cadastre in the European Union, held at Granada, Spain, May 2002, accessible online at URL : http://www.fig.net/cadastre2014/presentation/2002-05-kaufmann-granada-cad2014-slides.pdf

Onyeka, Eugene Chukwunwike, ‘Multipurpose cadastre: an under-utilized NGDI dataset, paper TS1.5 as part of Plenary Session TS1- From Pharaohs to Geoinformatics, delivered at FIG Working Week 2005 and GSDI-8 Conference, held at Cairo, Egypt from 16-21 April 2005. Programme and Technical Sessions for Plenary Session TS1 accessible in PDF online at URL http://www.fig.net/pub/cairo/tech_programme.pdf. Paper TS1.5 accessible in PDF online at URL https://fig.net/pub/cairo/papers/ts_01/ts01_05_onyeka.pdf